Evaluation of Home Respiratory Therapy, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2013

J Epidemiol Glob Health. 2016 Mar;6(1):19-27. doi: 10.1016/j.jegh.2015.07.006. Epub 2015 Aug 21.

Evaluation of Home Respiratory Therapy, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2013

RA Alhelali, SJN McNabb, and ZA Memish

This was an evaluation of home respiratory therapy (HRT) services administered through the Madinah Home Medical Program (MHMP) Center of the Ministry of Health (MoH), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Using a retrospective design and descriptive analyses, we analyzed 83 patient records for the clinical care received, outcomes, and patient satisfaction. We also assessed a subset from an economic perspective. Demographically, 72% were >60years of age, 80% were female, and 90% were Saudi. Asthma accounted for 34% of the diagnosed respiratory diseases, followed by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (11%). Most patients (71%) required two or three respiratory modalities: 94% used oxygen therapy and 14% were on mechanical ventilation. A full 90% of HMP patients expressed a high level of satisfaction with the HMP overall care, and 43% saw an improvement in their condition. The MHMP lowered healthcare costs for HRT-receiving patients by decreasing the frequency of emergency room (ER) and outpatient visits by 50.8% from 59 to 30 visits. HRT administered through the MHMP Center improved clinical outcomes and increased patient satisfaction while reducing hospital utilization and associated costs. A prospective study is recommended to assess HMP services in comparison with hospitalization.

KEYWORDS: Effectiveness; Evaluation; Home healthcare; Respiratory therapy; Saudi Arabia